Quantification of training load distribution in mixed martial arts athletes: A lack of periodisation and load management

KIRK, Christopher, LANGAN-EVANS, Carl, CLARK, David R. and MORTON, James P. (2021). Quantification of training load distribution in mixed martial arts athletes: A lack of periodisation and load management. PLOS ONE, 16 (5).

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Open Access URL: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.13... (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251266
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    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to quantify typical training load and periodisation practices of MMA athletes. MMA competitors (n = 14; age = 22.4 ± 4.4 years; body mass = 71.3 ± 7.7 kg; stature = 171 ±9.9 cm) were observed during training for 8 consecutive weeks without intervention. Seven athletes were training for competitive bouts whilst the remaining 7 were not. Daily training duration, intensity (RPE), load (sRPE and segRPE), fatigue (short questionnaire of fatigue) and body region soreness (CR10 scale) were recorded. Using Bayesian analyses (BF10≥3), data demonstrate that training duration (weekly mean range = 3.9–5.3 hours), sRPE (weekly mean range = 1,287–1,791 AU), strain (weekly mean range = 1,143–1,819 AU), monotony (weekly mean range = 0.63–0.83 AU), fatigue (weekly mean range = 16–20 AU) and soreness did not change within or between weeks. Between weeks monotony (2.3 ± 0.7 AU) supported little variance in weekly training load. There were no differences in any variable between participants who competed and those who did not with the except of the final week before the bout, where an abrupt step taper occurred leading to no between group differences in fatigue. Training intensity distribution corresponding to high, moderate and low was 20, 33 and 47%, respectively. Striking drills accounted for the largest portion of weekly training time (20–32%), with MMA sparring the least (2–7%). Only striking sparring and wrestling sparring displayed statistical weekly differences in duration or load. Athletes reported MMA sparring and wrestling sparring as high intensity (RPE≥7), BJJ sparring, striking sparring and wrestling drills as moderate intensity (RPE 5–6), and striking drills and BJJ drills as low intensity (RPE≤4). We conclude that periodisation of training load was largely absent in this cohort of MMA athletes, as is the case within and between weekly microcycles.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** From PLOS via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: eissn 1932-6203 **Article IDs: publisher-id: pone-d-21-00361 **History: published_online 10-05-2021; accepted 22-04-2021; submitted 05-01-2021; collection 2021
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Research Article, Biology and life sciences, Social sciences, Physical sciences, Research and analysis methods, Medicine and health sciences
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251266
    SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
    Depositing User: Colin Knott
    Date Deposited: 11 May 2021 10:37
    Last Modified: 11 May 2021 10:45
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28635

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