Combining modern tracking data and historical records improves understanding of the summer habitats of the Eastern Lesser White‐fronted Goose Anser erythropus

TIAN, Haitao, SOLOVYEVA, Diana, DANILOV, Gleb, VARTANYAN, Sergey, WEN, Li, LEI, Jialin, LU, Cai, BRIDGEWATER, Peter, LEI, Guangchun and ZENG, Qing (2021). Combining modern tracking data and historical records improves understanding of the summer habitats of the Eastern Lesser White‐fronted Goose Anser erythropus. Ecology and Evolution, 11 (9), 4126-4139.

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    Abstract

    Abstract: The Lesser White‐fronted Goose (Anser erythropus), smallest of the “gray” geese, is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List and protected in all range states. There are three populations, with the least studied being the Eastern population, shared between Russia and China. The extreme remoteness of breeding enclaves makes them largely inaccessible to researchers. As a substitute for visitation, remotely tracking birds from wintering grounds allows exploration of their summer range. Over a period of three years, and using highly accurate GPS tracking devices, eleven individuals of A. erythropus were tracked from the key wintering site of China, to summering, and staging sites in northeastern Russia. Data obtained from that tracking, bolstered by ground survey and literature records, were used to model the summer distribution of A. erythropus. Although earlier literature describes a patchy summer range, the model suggests a contiguous summer habitat range is possible, although observations to date cannot confirm A. erythropus is present throughout the modeled range. The most suitable habitats are located along the coasts of the Laptev Sea, primarily the Lena Delta, in the Yana‐Kolyma Lowland, and smaller lowlands of Chukotka with narrow riparian extensions upstream along major rivers such as the Lena, Indigirka, and Kolyma. The probability of A. erythropus presence is related to areas with altitude less than 500 m with abundant wetlands, especially riparian habitat, and a climate with precipitation of the warmest quarter around 55 mm and mean temperature around 14°C during June‐August. Human disturbance also affects site suitability, with a gradual decrease in species presence starting around 160 km from human settlements. Remote tracking of animal species can bridge the knowledge gap required for robust estimation of species distribution patterns in remote areas. Better knowledge of species' distribution is important in understanding the large‐scale ecological consequences of rapid global change and establishing conservation management strategies.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** Article version: VoR ** From Wiley via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for VoR version of this article: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: issn 2045-7758 **Article IDs: publisher-id: ece37310 **History: published 05-2021; published 09-03-2021; accepted 21-01-2021; rev-recd 14-01-2021; submitted 12-11-2020
    Uncontrolled Keywords: ORIGINAL RESEARCH, Arctic, eastern population, GPS tracking, Lesser White‐fronted Goose Anser erythropus, species distribution modeling, summer range
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7310
    Page Range: 4126-4139
    SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
    Depositing User: Colin Knott
    Date Deposited: 05 May 2021 15:05
    Last Modified: 05 May 2021 15:05
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28603

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