Effects of composition and phase relations on mechanical properties and crystallisation of silicate glasses

KILINC, Erhan, BELL, Anthony, BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, Russell (2021). Effects of composition and phase relations on mechanical properties and crystallisation of silicate glasses. Journal of the American Ceramic Society.

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    Abstract

    Crystallization, mechanical properties and workability are all important for commercialization and optimization of silicate glass compositions. However, the inter-relations of these properties as a function of glass composition have received little investigation. Soda-lime-silica glasses with Na2O-MgO-CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 compositions relevant to commercial glass manufacture were experimentally studied and multiple liquidus temperature and viscosity models were used to complement the experimental results. Liquidus temperatures of the fabricated glasses were measured by the temperature gradient technique, and Rietveld refinements were applied to X-Ray powder diffraction (XRD) data for devitrified glasses, enabling quantitative determination of the crystalline and amorphous fractions and the nature of the crystals. Structural properties were investigated by Raman spectroscopy. Acoustic echography, micro-Vicker’s indentation and single-edge notched bend testing methods were used to measure Young’s moduli, hardness and fracture toughness, respectively. It is shown that it is possible to design lower-melting soda-lime-silica glass compositions without compromising their mechanical and crystallization properties. Unlike Young’s modulus, brittleness is highly responsive to the composition in soda-lime-silica glasses, and notably low brittleness values can be obtained in glasses with compositions in the wollastonite primary phase field: an effect that is more pronounced in the silica primary phase field. The measured bulk crystal fractions of the glasses subjected to devitrification at the lowest possible industrial conditioning temperatures, indicate that soda-lime-silica glass melts can be conditioned close to their liquidus temperatures within the compositional ranges of the primary phase fields of cristobalite, wollastonite or their combinations.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Materials; 0912 Materials Engineering; 0913 Mechanical Engineering
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2021 17:32
    Last Modified: 22 Feb 2021 17:32
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28192

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