Development of a novel Nordic hamstring exercise device to measure and modify the knee flexors’ torque-length relationship

SCONCE, Emma, HELLER, Ben, MADEN-WILKINSON, Thomas and HAMILTON, Nick (2021). Development of a novel Nordic hamstring exercise device to measure and modify the knee flexors’ torque-length relationship. Frontiers in Sport and Active Living, 3, p. 629606.

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Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fspor...
Open Access URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fspor... (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2021.629606
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    Abstract

    The Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) has been shown to reduce hamstring injury risk when employed in training programs. This study investigates a novel device to modify the NHE torque-length relationship of the knee flexors, as targeting the hamstrings at a more extended length may have benefits for hamstring strain injury prevention and rehabilitation. 18 recreational male participants completed 3 bilateral NHE repetitions at a conventional 0° flat position, a 10° incline and a 10° decline slope on a novel device (HALHAM°). Measures of peak torque and break-torque angle explored the effect of inclination on the knee flexors’ length-tension relationship. Relative thigh-to-trunk angle and angular velocity of the knee joint were used to assess influence of inclination on technique and exercise quality. Break-torque angle increased when performed at an incline (134.1+8.6°) compared to both the decline (112.1+8.3°, p<0.0001, g=2.599) and standard flat NHE positions (126.0+9.8°, p=0.0002, g=0.885). Despite this, altering inclination did not affect eccentric knee flexor peak torque (decline=132.0+63.1Nm, flat=149.7+70.1Nm, incline=148.9+64.9Nm, F=0.952, p=0.389), angular velocity of the knee joint at break-torque angle (decline=23.8+14.4°, flat=29.2+22.6°, incline=24.5+22.6°, F=0.880, p=0.418) or relative thigh-to-trunk angle at break-torque angle (decline=20.4+10.4°, flat=16.7+10.8°, incline=20.2+11.2°, F=1.597, p=0.207). The report recommends the use of arbitrary metrics such as break-torque angle that can be replicated practically in the field by practitioners to assess proxy muscle length changes i.e. the angular range over which the torque can be produced. Inclination of the Nordic hamstring exercise leads to hamstring muscle failure at longer muscle lengths without reductions in the maximal force exuded by the muscle. Therefore, the NHE performed on an incline may be a more effective training intervention, specific to the proposed mechanism of hamstring strain injury during sprinting that occurs whilst the muscle is rapidly lengthening. Using a graded training intervention through the inclinations could aid gradual return-to-play rehabilitation.

    Item Type: Article
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2021.629606
    Page Range: p. 629606
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2021 10:11
    Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 13:15
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28180

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