The relationship between neuromuscular function and the W’ in elite cyclists

KORDI, Mehdi, PARKER-SIMPSON, Len, THOMAS, Kevin, GOODALL, Stuart, MADEN-WILKINSON, Thomas, MENZIES, Campbell and HOWATSON, Glyn (2021). The relationship between neuromuscular function and the W’ in elite cyclists. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2020-0861
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    Purpose: To assess the association between the W′ and measures of neuromuscular function relating to the capacity of skeletal muscle to produce force in a group of elite cyclists. Methods: Twenty-two athletes specializing in a range of disciplines and competing internationally volunteered to participate. Athletes completed assessments of maximum voluntary torque (MVT), voluntary activation, and isometric maximum voluntary contraction to measure rate of torque development (RTD). This was followed by assessment of peak power output (PPO) and 3-, 5-, and 12-minute time trials to determine critical power. Pearson correlation was used to examine associations with critical power and W′. Goodness of fit was calculated, and significant relationships were included in a linear stepwise regression model. Results: Significant positive relationships were evident between W′ and MVT (r = .82), PPO (r = .70), and RTD at 200 milliseconds (r = .59) but not with RTD at 50 milliseconds and voluntary activation. Correlations were also observed between critical power and RTD at 200 milliseconds and MVT (r = .54 and r = .51, respectively) but not with PPO, voluntary activation, or RTD at 50 milliseconds. The regression analysis found that 87% of the variability in W′ (F1,18 = 68.75; P < .001) was explained by 2 variables: MVT (81%) and PPO (6%). Conclusions: It is likely that muscle size and strength, as opposed to neural factors, contribute meaningfully to W′. These data can be used to establish training methods to enhance W′ to improve cycling performance in well-trained athletes.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Published online date from Publisher website metadata
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Sport Sciences; 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences; 1116 Medical Physiology; 1701 Psychology
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2020-0861
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2021 10:03
    Last Modified: 27 Apr 2021 09:15
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28179

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