How can team synchronisation tendencies be developed combining Constraint-led and Step-Game approaches? An action-research study implemented over a competitive volleyball season.

RAMOS, Ana, COUTINHO, Patrícia, RIBEIRO, João, FERNANDES, Orlando, DAVIDS, Keith and MESQUITA, Isabel (2020). How can team synchronisation tendencies be developed combining Constraint-led and Step-Game approaches? An action-research study implemented over a competitive volleyball season. European Journal of Sport Science.

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Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17461...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2020.1867649
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    Abstract

    Combining Constraint-led (ecological) and Step-Game (constructivist) approaches through an Action-Research (AR) design conducted throughout a competitive volleyball season, this study aimed to: (i) analyse the impact of increased tactical complexity on lateral and longitudinal collective synchronisation tendencies during defensive and offensive counterattack-subphases, and (ii) examine how opposition attacking contexts (i.e., playing in full-system or in-system) might influence synchronisation tendencies throughout each counterattack-subphase. Performance of a youth team, comprised of fifteen players, was studied across three AR-cycles. The team's competitive performance was analysed through three competitive matches (one per cycle). Team synchronisation tendencies were evaluated using the cluster-phase method and a 3 (matches) x 2 (counterattack-subphases) x 2 (opposition attacking contexts) x 2 (court directions) repeated-measures ANOVA were used to calculate the differences in cluster-amplitude mean values. Results showed that increments in tactical complexity (second AR-cycle) were followed by decreases in collective synchronisation tendencies, which were (re)achieved during the third AR-cycle, possibly due to the ecological-constructivist coaching intervention. Our findings imply that coaches could design representative and specific-didactical learning environments, predicated on a team's tactical needs and strategical ideas from a game-plan, framing player intentionality. Results also support the use of questioning strategies to narrow players' attentional focus, stimulating perceptual attunement to relevant constraints emerging in performance. Finally, the insider AR-design provided valuable contextualised insights on coaching interventions for developing collective coordinative structures.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: action-research; ecological-constructivist intervention; practice design; sport pedagogy; synchronisation tendencies; volleyball; Sport Sciences; 0913 Mechanical Engineering; 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2020.1867649
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2021 17:12
    Last Modified: 13 Jan 2021 14:45
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27973

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