A Scoping Review of the Risk Factors Associated with Anaemia among Children Under Five Years in Sub-Saharan African Countries

OBASOHAN, P.E., WALTERS, S.J., JACQUES, R. and KHATAB, Khaled (2020). A Scoping Review of the Risk Factors Associated with Anaemia among Children Under Five Years in Sub-Saharan African Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (23), e8829.

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Open Access URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/23/8829 (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238829
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    Abstract

    Background/Purpose: Globally, anaemia is a severe public health condition affecting over 24% of the world’s population. Children under five years old and pregnant women are the most vulnerable to this disease. This scoping review aimed to evaluate studies that used classical statistical regression methods on nationally representative health survey data to identify the individual socioeconomic, demographic and contextual risk factors associated with developing anaemia among children under five years of age in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Methods/Design: The reporting pattern followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines. The following databases were searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE (OVID platform), Web of Science, PUBMED, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycINFO, Scopus, Cochrane library, African Journal of online (AJOL), Google Scholar and Measure DHS. Results: The review identified 20 relevant studies and the risk factors for anaemia were classified as child-related, parental/household-related and community- or area-related factors. The risk factors for anaemia identified included age, birth order, sex, comorbidities (such as fever, diarrhoea and acute respiratory infection), malnutrition or stunting, maternal education, maternal age, mother’s anaemia status, household wealth and place of residence. Conclusion: The outcome of this review is of significant value for health policy and planners to enable them to make informed decision that will correct any imbalances in anaemia across socioeconomic, demographic and contextual characteristics, with the view of making efficient distributions of health interventions.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: eissn 1660-4601 **History: published 27-11-2020; accepted 25-11-2020
    Uncontrolled Keywords: anaemia, iron-deficiency, under five, sub-Saharan Africa, risk factors, scoping review
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238829
    Page Range: e8829
    SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
    Depositing User: Colin Knott
    Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2020 16:34
    Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 19:45
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27699

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