Risk Factors Associated with Malnutrition among Children Under-Five Years in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Scoping Review

OBASOHAN, Phillips Edomwonyi, WALTERS, Stephen J., JACQUES, Richard and KHATAB, Khaled (2020). Risk Factors Associated with Malnutrition among Children Under-Five Years in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (23), e8782.

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Open Access URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/23/8782#abstract (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238782
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    Abstract

    Background/Purpose: Malnutrition is a significant global public health burden with greater concern among children under five years in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). To effectively address the problem of malnutrition, especially in resource-scarce communities, knowing the prevalence, causes and risk factors associated with it are essential steps. This scoping review aimed to identify the existing literature that uses classical regression analysis on nationally representative health survey data sets to find the individual socioeconomic, demographic and contextual risk factors associated with malnutrition among children under five years of age in Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA). Methods: The electronic databases searched include EMBASE (OVID platform), PubMed (MEDLINE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus, Web of Science (WoS) and Cochrane Library. Only papers written in the English language, and for which the publication date was between 1 January 1990 and 31 July 2020, were included. Results: A total of 229 papers were identified, of which 26 were studies that have been included in the review. The risk factors for malnutrition identified were classified as child-related, parental/household-related and community or area-related. Conclusions: Study-interest bias toward stunting over other anthropometric indicators of malnutrition could be addressed with a holistic research approach to equally address the various dimension of the anthropometric indicators of malnutrition in a population.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: eissn 1660-4601 **History: published 26-11-2020; accepted 24-11-2020
    Uncontrolled Keywords: malnutrition, stunting, underweight, wasting, overweight, anthropometric indices, undernutrition, overnutrition, under five, Sub-Saharan Africa
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238782
    Page Range: e8782
    SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
    Depositing User: Colin Knott
    Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2020 16:37
    Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 19:45
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27697

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