Environmental design solutions for existing concrete flat roofs in low-cost housing to improve passive cooling in western Mexico

GARCÍA-SOLÓRZANO, Luis A, ESPARZA-LOPEZ, Carlos J and AL-OBAIDI, Karam (2020). Environmental design solutions for existing concrete flat roofs in low-cost housing to improve passive cooling in western Mexico. Journal of Cleaner Production.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123992
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    Abstract

    The development of real estate in Mexico has largely ruled out the comfort of users that focused on economic matters and made it difficult to make substantial progress in adopting measures to improve indoor environmental quality. Current research projects in Mexico found that roof construction in low-cost housing struggles to meet the requirements of the indoor climate. Passive cooling strategies are techniques to control heat gain and heat dissipation in buildings to maximise the comfort and health of building users while minimising energy use. Passive cooling systems recognize climate conditions and utilise renewable sources of energy such as the sun and wind to provide cooling and ventilation. Therefore, this study aims to develop a green and sustainable solution for existing concrete flat roofs with no major interventions and investments to save energy. The design of a passive device was tested to assess its effectiveness to protect flat roofs from shortwave radiation and to allow for heat dissipation in Mexican buildings. The study used a quantitative approach based on experiments and simulation tests to evaluate design efficiency. The results showed that a perforated device with an opening percentage of 88% and a cavity of 0.05m between the roof and the device provided effective protection. Also, the device with blinds of 45° showed lower operative temperatures within a range of mean values between 0.8°C and 0.9°C compared to a roof with a full shade cover in the hot and humid season. However, the perforated device with blinds of 90° in black colour delivered the best performance compared to other models and recorded a mean value of 1.13°C in the hot sub-humid season. The results revealed the efficiency of the proposed device that can be observed within different geometric configurations, surface properties as well as the use of the nocturnal radiative cooling potential in blocking solar radiation in Mexican buildings.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: 0907 Environmental Engineering; 0910 Manufacturing Engineering; 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering; Environmental Sciences
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123992
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2020 16:26
    Last Modified: 02 Sep 2020 16:26
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27116

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