Changes in sedentary behaviour in European Union adults between 2002 and 2017

LÓPEZ-VALENCIANO, A., MAYO, X., LIGUORI, G., COPELAND, R. J., LAMB, M. and JIMENEZ GUTIERREZ, Alfonso (2020). Changes in sedentary behaviour in European Union adults between 2002 and 2017. BMC Public Health, 20 (1), p. 1206.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09293-1
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    Abstract

    Abstract: Background: Sedentary behaviour (SB) has been identified as an important mortality risk factor. Health organizations have recognised SB as a public health challenge with major health, social, and economic consequences. Researchers have alerted the need to develop specific strategies, to monitor, prevent, and reduce SB. However, there is no systematic analysis of the SB changes in European Union adults. We aimed to examine SB changes between 2002 and 2017 in the European Union (EU) adult population. Methods: SB prevalence (>4h30mins of sitting time/day) of 96,004 adults as a whole sample and country-by-country was analysed in 2002, 2005, 2013, and 2017 of the Sport and Physical Activity EU Special Eurobarometers’ data. The SB question of a modified version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire was considered. SB prevalence between countries and within years was analysed with a χ2 test, and SB between genders was analysed with the Z-Score test for two population proportions. Results: An association between the SB prevalence and the years was found (p < 0.001), with increases for the whole sample (2002: 49.3%, 48.5–50.0 95% confidence interval (CI); 2017: 54.5%, 53.9–55.0 95% CI) and men (2002: 51.2%, 50.0–52.4 95% CI; 2017: 55.8%, 55.0–56.7 95% CI) and women (2002: 47.6%, 46.6–48.7 95% CI; 2017: 53.4%, 52.6–54.1 95% CI) separately. The adjusted standardised residuals showed an increase in the observed prevalence versus the expected during 2013 and 2017 for the whole sample and women and during 2017 for men. For all years, differences were observed in the SB prevalence between countries for the whole sample, and men and women separately (p < 0.001). Besides, the SB prevalence was always higher in men versus women in the overall EU sample (p < 0.001). Conclusions: SB prevalence increased between 2002 and 2017 for the EU as a whole and for both sexes separately. Additionally, differences in SB prevalence were observed for all years between EU countries in the whole sample and both sexes separately. Lastly, SB was consistently higher in men than women. These findings reveal a limited impact of current policies and interventions to tackle SB at the EU population level.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** From Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: eissn 1471-2458 **Article IDs: publisher-id: s12889-020-09293-1; manuscript: 9293 **History: collection 12-2020; online 26-08-2020; published_online 26-08-2020; registration 24-07-2020; accepted 23-07-2020; submitted 27-03-2020
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Research Article, Health behavior, health promotion and society, Sitting, Sedentarism, National policies, Eurobarometer
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09293-1
    Page Range: p. 1206
    SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
    Depositing User: Colin Knott
    Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2020 09:23
    Last Modified: 28 Aug 2020 09:30
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27084

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