Gridshell as Formwork: Proof of Concept for a New Technique for Constructing Thin Concrete Shells Supported by Gridshell as Formwork

TANG, Gabriel and PEDRESCHI, Remo (2020). Gridshell as Formwork: Proof of Concept for a New Technique for Constructing Thin Concrete Shells Supported by Gridshell as Formwork. Journal of Architectural Engineering, 26 (4), 04020036.

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Official URL: https://ascelibrary.org/doi/full/10.1061/%28ASCE%2...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)ae.1943-5568.0000430
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    Abstract

    This paper documents an empirical experiment conducted in August 2014 as proof of concept for a new method of constructing concrete shells. An idea initially presented by the first author in 2012, it uses redeployable gridshells onto which fabric is midstressed and concrete applied. Primarily, this system addresses key issues that led to their decline in use: construction methods/formwork systems were not reusable, nor were they easily customizable to create different shapes. Employing 27 man-hours over seven days, two concrete shells were achieved using the same reusable and reconfigurable formwork. Lightweight (0.6 kg) PVC gridshell formwork supported 106.92 kg of concrete to create a concrete shell that covered 1.11 m2 (floor area). The construction verifies a low-cost (£6.06/m2) efficiency and material utilization in the construction of very strong wide-spanning thin concrete structures. Detailed analysis of formwork behavior during construction and detailed measurements of resultant shell results prove this new method of deployable gridshells as a reusable and reconfigurable formwork to construct very strong concrete shells very quickly. Whilst the emphasis of the research focused on the construction process, the vaults were tested and sustained a failure load of 4.2 kN (4.32 times their deadweight), applied as a point load at the crown.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: 1201 Architecture; 1202 Building; Building & Construction
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)ae.1943-5568.0000430
    Page Range: 04020036
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2020 12:57
    Last Modified: 26 Aug 2020 09:45
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27073

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