The acute physiological effects of high- and low-velocity resistance exercise in older adults

RICHARDSON, DL, DUNCAN, MJ, JIMENEZ GUTIERREZ, Alfonso, JONES, VM, JURIS, PM and CLARKE, ND (2018). The acute physiological effects of high- and low-velocity resistance exercise in older adults. European Journal of Ageing, 15, 311-319.

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The aim of the present study was to determine if workload matched, high-velocity (HVE) and low-velocity (LVE) resistance exercise protocols, elicit differing acute physiological responses in older adults. Ten older adults completed three sets of eight exercises on six separate occasions (three HVE and three LVE sessions). Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and blood lactate were measured pre- and post-exercise, heart rate was measured before exercise and following each set of each exercise. Finally, a rating of perceived exertion was measured following each set of each exercise. There were no significant differences in blood lactate (F(1,9) = 0.028; P = 0.872; ηP2 = 0.003), heart rate (F(1,9) = 0.045; P = 0.837; ηP2 = 0.005), systolic blood pressure (F(1,9) = 0.023; P = 0.884; ηP2 = 0.003) or diastolic blood pressure (F(1,9) = 1.516; P = 0.249; ηP2 = 0.144) between HVE and LVE. However, LVE elicited significantly greater ratings of perceived exertion compared to HVE (F(1,9) = 13.059; P = 0.006; ηP2 = 0.592). The present workload matched HVE and LVE protocols produced comparable physiological responses, although greater exertion was perceived during LVE.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ageing; Physical activity; Health education; Older adults; Ageing; Health education; Older adults; Physical activity; Gerontology; 1117 Public Health and Health Services; 1701 Psychology
Identification Number:
Page Range: 311-319
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 17 May 2021 15:22
Last Modified: 17 May 2021 15:30

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