Differential effects of aerobic exercise, resistance training and combined exercise modalities on cholesterol and the lipid profile: review, synthesis and recommendations

MANN, S., BEEDIE, C. and JIMENEZ GUTIERREZ, Alfonso (2014). Differential effects of aerobic exercise, resistance training and combined exercise modalities on cholesterol and the lipid profile: review, synthesis and recommendations. Sports Medicine, 44 (2), 211-221.

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Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-013-0110-5 (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-013-0110-5
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    Abstract

    There is a direct relationship between chronically elevated cholesterol levels (dyslipidaemia) and coronary heart disease. A reduction in total cholesterol is considered the gold standard in preventative cardiovascular medicine. Exercise has been shown to have positive impacts on the pathogenesis, symptomatology and physical fitness of individuals with dyslipidaemia, and to reduce cholesterol levels. The optimal mode, frequency, intensity and duration of exercise for improvement of cholesterol levels are, however, yet to be identified. This review assesses the evidence from 13 published investigations and two review articles that have addressed the effects of aerobic exercise, resistance training and combined aerobic and resistance training on cholesterol levels and the lipid profile. The data included in this review confirm the beneficial effects of regular activity on cholesterol levels and describe the impacts of differing volumes and intensities of exercise upon different types of cholesterol. Evidence-based exercise recommendations are presented, aimed at facilitating the prescription and delivery of interventions in order to optimize cholesterol levels. © 2013 The Author(s).

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomarkers; Cholesterol; Coronary Disease; Dyslipidemias; Exercise; Humans; Lipids; Physical Fitness; Resistance Training; Humans; Coronary Disease; Cholesterol; Lipids; Biological Markers; Exercise; Physical Fitness; Dyslipidemias; Resistance Training; 0913 Mechanical Engineering; 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences; 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy; Sport Sciences
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-013-0110-5
    Page Range: 211-221
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2021 14:52
    Last Modified: 13 Apr 2021 15:00
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/26518

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