Evaluation of Vibration Analysis to Assess Bone Mineral Density in Children

RAZAGHI, Hajar, SAATCHI, Reza, BISHOP, Nicolas J, BURKE, Derek and OFFIAH, Hjar (2020). Evaluation of Vibration Analysis to Assess Bone Mineral Density in Children. WSEAS Transactions on Biology and Biomedicine, 17, 39-47.

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The effectiveness of vibration analysis to assess bone mineral density (BMD) in children with suspected reduction in bone density was studied. A system was designed that measured the ulna's vibration responses in vivo. The system was evaluated on the ulnae of 48 children (mean age=12.0, std=3.5 years), 31 of whom had been confirmed to have osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). All children had dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan as part of their routine clinical care and vibration analysis was performed on the same day. Frequency spectra of the ulnae's vibration responses were obtained and processed by principal component analysis. Four main principal components were selected and together with age, sex and right hand ulna's length were used in a regression analysis to estimate BMD. Regression analysis was repeated using the children's leave-one-out and partitioning methods. The percentage similarity and correlation between the DXA-derived and vibration analysis estimated BMDs using the leave-one-out were 80.34% and 0.59 and for partitioning were 74.2% and 0.64 respectively. There was correlation between vibration analysis BMD readings and those derived from DXA however a larger study will be needed to better establish the extent to which vibration analysis can assist in assessing bone density in clinical environments.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.37394/23208.2020.17.6
Page Range: 39-47
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2020 16:00
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 02:16
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/26053

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