Localization of sterols and oxysterols in mouse brain reveals distinct spatial cholesterol metabolism

YUTUC, Eylan, ANGELINI, Roberto, BAUMERT, Mark, MAST, Natalia, PIKULEVA, Irina, NEWTON, Jillian, CLENCH, Malcolm, SKIBINSKI, David O.F., HOWELL, Owain W., WANG, Yuqin and GRIFFITHS, William J. (2020). Localization of sterols and oxysterols in mouse brain reveals distinct spatial cholesterol metabolism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, p. 201917421.

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Official URL: https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/03/03/1917...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1917421117
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    Abstract

    Dysregulated cholesterol metabolism is implicated in a number of neurological disorders. Many sterols, including cholesterol and its precursors and metabolites, are biologically active and important for proper brain function. However, spatial cholesterol metabolism in brain and the resulting sterol distributions are poorly defined. To better understand cholesterol metabolism in situ across the complex functional regions of brain, we have developed on-tissue enzyme-assisted derivatization in combination with microliquid extraction for surface analysis and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to locate sterols in tissue slices (10 µm) of mouse brain. The method provides sterolomic analysis at 400-µm spot diameter with a limit of quantification of 0.01 ng/mm2. It overcomes the limitations of previous mass spectrometry imaging techniques in analysis of low-abundance and difficult-to-ionize sterol molecules, allowing isomer differentiation and structure identification. Here we demonstrate the spatial distribution and quantification of multiple sterols involved in cholesterol metabolic pathways in wild-type and cholesterol 24S-hydroxylase knockout mouse brain. The technology described provides a powerful tool for future studies of spatial cholesterol metabolism in healthy and diseased tissues.

    Item Type: Article
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1917421117
    Page Range: p. 201917421
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2020 16:51
    Last Modified: 09 Mar 2020 17:00
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/25950

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