Neutron diffraction and Raman studies of the incorporation of sulfate in silicate glasses

VAISHNAV, Shuchi, HANNON, Alex, BARNEY, Emma and BINGHAM, Paul (2020). Neutron diffraction and Raman studies of the incorporation of sulfate in silicate glasses. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 124 (9), 5409-5424.

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Official URL: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b10924
Open Access URL: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b10... (Published)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b10924
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    Abstract

    The oxidation state, coordination and local environment of sulphur in alkali silicate (R2O-SiO2; R= Na, Li) and alkali-alkaline earth silicate (Na2O-MO-SiO2; M= Ca, Ba) glasses have been investigated using neutron diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. With analyses of both the individual total neutron correlation functions, and of suitable doped-undoped differences, the S-O bonds and (O-O)S correlations were clearly isolated from the other overlapping correlations due to Si-O and (O-O)Si distances in the SiO4 tetrahedra, and the modifier-oxygen (R-O and M-O) distances. Clear evidence was obtained that the sulphur is present as SO4 2- groups, confirmed by the observation in the Raman spectra of the symmetric S-O stretch mode of SO4 2- groups. The modifier-oxygen bond length distributions were deconvoluted from the neutron correlation functions by fitting. The Na-O and Li-O bond length distributions were clearly asymmetric, whereas no evidence was obtained for asymmetry of the Ca-O and Ba-O distributions. A consideration of the bonding shows that the oxygen atoms in the SO4 2- groups do not participate in the silicate network, and as such constitute a third type of oxygen, ‘non-network oxygen’, in addition to the bridging and non-bridging oxygens that are bonded to silicon atoms. Thus each individual sulphate group is surrounded by a shell of modifier, and is not connected directly to the silicate network. The addition of SO3 to the glass leads to a conversion of oxygen atoms within the silicate network from non-bridging to bridging, so that there is a repolymerisation of the silicate network. There is evidence that SO3 doping leads to changes in the form of the distribution of Na-O bond lengths, with a reduction in the fitted short bond coordination number, and an increase in the fitted long bond coordination number, and this is consistent with a repolymerisation of the silicate network. In contrast, there is no evidence that SO3 doping leads to a change in the distribution of Li-O bond lengths, with a total Li-O coordination number consistently in excess of four.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Physical Chemistry; 09 Engineering; 03 Chemical Sciences; 10 Technology
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b10924
    Page Range: 5409-5424
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2020 14:19
    Last Modified: 10 Mar 2020 10:45
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/25807

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