Does a home advantage effect exist in international track and field athletics?

RAMCHANDANI, Girish and WILSON, Darryl (2020). Does a home advantage effect exist in international track and field athletics? Managing Sport and Leisure.

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Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23750...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1080/23750472.2020.1723434
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    Abstract

    Purpose: This paper investigates home advantage in the context of the IAAF World Championships and the IAAF World Indoor Championships. Design: Our study includes 31 editions of these competitions held between 1987 and 2018. Using three key performance indicators (KPIs) we analysed how host nations had performed when competing at home compared with how they performed in the editions immediately before and after hosting. Findings: In the case of the IAAF World Indoor Championships, we found a statistically significant home advantage effect for all the KPIs examined (p < 0.05). No significant home advantage effect was evident in the IAAF World Championships in terms of two KPIs (p > 0.10), although a close to statistically significant home advantage effect was observed for one KPI (p = 0.060). Practical implications: Host nations should be cognisant of such variations in advance of bidding to host these IAAF competitions, particularly if enhancing performance at home is strategically important to them. Research contribution: A key learning point from our study is that the way in which researchers define performance may well have a bearing on the extent to which a home advantage in individual sports that are scored objectively such as athletics is apparent.

    Item Type: Article
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/23750472.2020.1723434
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2020 17:12
    Last Modified: 10 Mar 2020 10:15
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/25718

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