Influence of brisk walking on appetite, energy intake, and plasma acylated ghrelin

KING, J. A., WASSE, L. K., BROOM, D. R. and STENSEL, D. J. (2010). Influence of brisk walking on appetite, energy intake, and plasma acylated ghrelin. Medicine & science in sports & exercise, 42 (3), 485-492.

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Link to published version:: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181ba10c4

Abstract

Purpose: This study examined the effect of an acute bout of brisk walking on appetite, energy intake, and the appetite-stimulating hormone-acylated ghrelin.

Methods: Fourteen healthy young males (age 21.9 +/- 0.5 yr, body mass index 23.4 +/- 0.6 kg.m(-2), (V) over dotO(2max) 55.9 +/- 1.8 mL.kg(-1).min(-1); mean +/- SEM) completed two 8-h trials (brisk walking and control) in a randomized counterbalanced fashion. The brisk walking trial commenced with 60 min of subjectively paced brisk walking on a level-motorized treadmill after which participants rested for 7 h. Participants rested for the duration of the control trial. Ad libitum buffet meals were offered twice during main trials (1.5-2 and 5-5.5 h). Appetite (hunger, fullness, satisfaction, and prospective food consumption) was assessed at 30-min intervals throughout. Levels of acylated ghrelin, glucose, insulin, and triacylglycerol were determined from plasma.

Results: Sixty minutes of brisk walking (7.0 +/- 0.1 km.h(-1)) yielded a net (exercise minus resting) energy expenditure of 2008 +/- 134 kJ, yet it did not significantly influence appetite, energy/macronutrient intake, or the plasma concentration of acylated ghrelin either during or after exercise (P > 0.05). Participants did not compensate for energy expended during walking, therefore a deficit in energy was induced (1836 kJ, 439 kcal) relative to control.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates that, despite inducing a moderate energy deficit, an acute bout of subjectively paced brisk walking does not elicit compensatory responses in acylated ghrelin, appetite, or energy intake. This finding lends support for a role of brisk walking in weight management.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sport and Exercise Science
Identification Number: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181ba10c4
Depositing User: Rachel Davison
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2010 14:15
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2010 14:15
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2567

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