Maternal decisions on portion size and portion control strategies for snacks in preschool children

REALE, Sophie, MARR, Colette, CECIL, Joanne E., HETHERINGTON, Marion M. and CATON, Samantha J. (2019). Maternal decisions on portion size and portion control strategies for snacks in preschool children. Nutrients, 11 (12), p. 3009.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/12/3009
Open Access URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/12/3009 (Published)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11123009
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    Abstract

    Caregivers are responsible for the type and amount of food young children are served. However, it remains unclear what considerations caregivers make when serving snacks to children. The aim of the study was to explore mothers’ decisions and portion control strategies during snack preparation in the home environment. Forty mothers of children aged 24−48 months participated in the study. Mothers prepared five snack foods for themselves and their child whilst verbalizing their actions and thoughts. Mothers were then asked about their portion size decisions in a semi-structured interview. Transcripts were imported into NVivo and analyzed thematically. Three key themes were identified: (1) portion size considerations, (2) portion control methods, and (3) awareness and use of portion size recommendations. Transient, food-related situational influences influenced mothers and disrupted planning and portion control. Food packaging and dishware size were used as visual cues for portion control; however, these vary widely in their size, thus emphasizing mothers’ uncertainty regarding appropriate portion sizes. Mothers called for portion size information to be accessible, child-centered, and simple. These findings reveal multiple considerations when deciding on the correct snack portion sizes for children. These decisions are complex and vary across situations and time, and according to the types of snacks offered.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: eissn 2072-6643 **History: published 09-12-2019; accepted 04-12-2019
    Uncontrolled Keywords: portion size, preschool children, mothers, snacks, qualitative, think-aloud method
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11123009
    Page Range: p. 3009
    SWORD Depositor: Justine Gavin
    Depositing User: Justine Gavin
    Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2019 11:56
    Last Modified: 11 Dec 2019 12:00
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/25531

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