Application of nonlinear methods to discriminate fractionated electrograms in paroxysmal versus persistent atrial fibrillation

ACHARYA, U.R., FAUST, Oliver, CIACCIO, E.J., KOH, J.E.W., OH, S.L., TAN, R.S. and GARAN, H. (2019). Application of nonlinear methods to discriminate fractionated electrograms in paroxysmal versus persistent atrial fibrillation. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 175, 163-178.

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Background and Objective: Complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAE) may contain information concerning the electrophysiological substrate of atrial fibrillation (AF); therefore they are of interest to guide catheter ablation treatment of AF. Electrogram signals are shaped by activation events, which are dynamical in nature. This makes it difficult to establish those signal properties that can provide insight into the ablation site location. Nonlinear measures may improve information. To test this hypothesis, we used nonlinear measures to analyze CFAE. Methods: CFAE from several atrial sites, recorded for a duration of 16 s, were acquired from 10 patients with persistent and 9 patients with paroxysmal AF. These signals were appraised using non-overlapping windows of 1-, 2- and 4-s durations. The resulting data sets were analyzed with Recurrence Plots (RP) and Recurrence Quantification Analysis (RQA). The data was also quantified via entropy measures. Results: RQA exhibited unique plots for persistent versus paroxysmal AF. Similar patterns were observed to be repeated throughout the RPs. Trends were consistent for signal segments of 1 and 2 s as well as 4 s in duration. This was suggestive that the underlying signal generation process is also repetitive, and that repetitiveness can be detected even in 1-s sequences. The results also showed that most entropy metrics exhibited higher measurement values (closer to equilibrium) for persistent AF data. It was also found that Determinism (DET), Trapping Time (TT), and Modified Multiscale Entropy (MMSE), extracted from signals that were acquired from locations at the posterior atrial free wall, are highly discriminative of persistent versus paroxysmal AF data. Conclusions: Short data sequences are sufficient to provide information to discern persistent versus paroxysmal AF data with a significant difference, and can be useful to detect repeating patterns of atrial activation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrogram; Recurrence plot; Recurrence quantification analysis; Entropy measures; Electrogram; Entropy measures; Recurrence plot; Recurrence quantification analysis; 0903 Biomedical Engineering; Medical Informatics
Identification Number:
Page Range: 163-178
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2019 14:08
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 02:03

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