The effects of a sleep/recovery supplement: 'Night Time Recharge' on sleep parameters in young adults.

SIMPER, Trevor, GILMARTIN, Molly, ALLWOOD, Daniel, TAYLOR, Luke and CHAPPELL, Andrew (2019). The effects of a sleep/recovery supplement: 'Night Time Recharge' on sleep parameters in young adults. Nutrition and Health.

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Official URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0260...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1177/0260106019875911
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    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: Concentrated cherry juice reportedly contains melatonin which, in turn, has been highlighted as an important regulator in initiating sleep. AIM: The present investigation aims to clarify whether Night Time Recharge (NTR), a marketed sleep aid containing cherry extract, improves key sleep parameters in young, active adults with mildly poor sleep. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over study design was employed. Twenty participants (nine female) consumed either NTR or a placebo for seven days. Accelerometers were used to assess sleep quality and physical activity levels. Urinary levels of 6-sulphatoxymelatonin (6-SMT), a marker of melatonin synthesis, was assessed via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: 6-SMT levels increased following NTR treatment (28.95 ng/ml) compared with placebo (4.0 ng/ml) (p < 0.001). There was also a significant difference (p = 0.047) in dietary tryptophan consumption during the NTR treatment (1236 mg) versus placebo (1149 mg). No trace of melatonin was detected from our analysis of the supplement. NTR had no significant effect on any sleep parameters with the exception of sleep latency (p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: As chemical analysis of NTR by liquid-chromatography mass-spectrometry identified no detectable melatonin, the tryptophan content of the supplement is a likely reason for improvement in sleep latency. These results are in contrast to previous studies which have found a positive effect on sleep following cherry supplementation. Future work should focus on sleep latency and investigating whether cherry juice is effective in participants with problems in initiating sleep.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: GENEActiv; Night Time Recharge; melatonin; sleep; supplement; tryptophan; Nutrition & Dietetics
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1177/0260106019875911
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2019 12:57
    Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019 13:00
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/25148

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