Sensor data fusion for responsive high resolution ultrasonic temperature measurement using piezoelectric transducers

HASHMI, Anas and KALASHNIKOV, Alexander (2019). Sensor data fusion for responsive high resolution ultrasonic temperature measurement using piezoelectric transducers. Ultrasonics, 99, p. 105969.

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Ultrasonic temperature measurement allows for responsive measurements across an entire ultrasonic pathway, unlike most conventional temperature sensors that respond to the temperature at the point of their placement only after a notable response time. The high cost of required ultrasonic instrumentation can be reduced substantially by using ultrasonic oscillating temperature sensors (UOTS) consisting of inexpensive narrowband piezo transducers and driving electronics. An UOTS produces sustained oscillations at a frequency that relates to the temperature of the medium between the transducers. The existence of thermal hysteresis in UOTS readings, observed experimentally and apparently related to the fundamental properties of piezoelectric materials, makes conversion of the output frequency readings to the temperature values ambiguous. This makes it complicated to calibrate and use UOTS on their own. In the reported experiment (heating, then naturally cooling of a water vessel equipped with both UOTS and conventional sensors), this hysteresis was solved by fusing UOTS data with conventional temperature sensor readings. As the result, the combination of one UOTS plus one conventional reference sensor allowed improving both the temperature resolution and responsiveness of the latter and ambiguity of the readings of the former. Data fusion effectively led to calibrating the UOTS at every change of the conventional sensor's reading, removing any concerns related to the thermal expansion/contraction of the ultrasonic pathway itself and/or hysteresis of piezoelectric transducers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ultrasonic instrumentation; ultrasonic non-destructive evaluation; ultrasonic oscillating temperature sensor; data fusion; temperature sensing; high resolution temperature measurement; 0203 Classical Physics; 0913 Mechanical Engineering; 0912 Materials Engineering; Acoustics
Identification Number:
Page Range: p. 105969
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2019 12:59
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 23:48

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