Effects of a developmental task constraints intervention on kinematic synergies during two-hand catching in children with developmental delays

PARVINPOUR, Shahab, SHAFIZADEH, Mohsen, BALALI, Marzie, ABBASI, Ali, WHEAT, Jonathan and DAVIDS, Keith (2019). Effects of a developmental task constraints intervention on kinematic synergies during two-hand catching in children with developmental delays. Journal of Motor Behavior.

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Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00222...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1080/00222895.2019.1649998

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine effects of a task intervention on kinematic synergies in catching. Participants were young children (5.58 ± 0.52 years) with the lowest scores on two-hand catching, according to assessments with the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2) and were allocated into two groups. The constraints group took part in an 8-week intervention, whereas the control group experienced a typical physical education. Both groups were assessed with motor development and kinematic coordination measures with a catching task with a ball thrown from 2 m distance. Kinematic variables were recorded using a wireless motion capture system. A principal component analysis (PCA) was used to measure the kinematic synergies formed among active body parts. Two synergies that emerged in catching were mainly utilised for “reaching” and “catching” the ball. The control group tended to re-organise the majority of active body parts into two functional units in all phases, whereas the constraints group adapted their active parts into functional units according to the requirement of the novel movement in the transfer task. The findings of this study suggested that task constraints could facilitate object control by re-organisation of active body parts into functional synergies to achieve successful performance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Experimental Psychology; 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/00222895.2019.1649998
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2019 08:22
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2019 09:00
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/24968

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