Women with a low satiety phenotype show impaired appetite control and greater resistance to weight loss.

BUCKLAND, Nicola J, CAMIDGE, Diana, CRODEN, Fiona, MYERS, Anna, LAVIN, Jacquelynne H, STUBBS, R James, BLUNDELL, John E and FINLAYSON, Graham (2019). Women with a low satiety phenotype show impaired appetite control and greater resistance to weight loss. British Journal of Nutrition, 1-22.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1017/s000711451900179x

Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>This trial compared weight loss outcomes over 14-weeks in women showing low or high satiety responsiveness [low or high satiety phenotype (LSP, HSP)] measured by a standardized protocol. Food preferences and energy intake after low and high energy density (LED, HED) meals were also assessed. Ninety-six women (n = 52 analysed; 41.24 ± 12.54 years; 34.02 ± 3.58 kg/m2) engaged in one of two weight loss programs underwent LED and HED laboratory-test days during weeks 3 and 12. Preferences for LED and HED-foods (Leeds Food Preference Questionnaire) and ad libitum evening meal and snack energy intake (EI) were assessed in response to equi-caloric LED- and HED-breakfasts and lunches. Weekly questionnaires assessed control over eating and ease of adherence to the program. Satiety quotients based on subjective fullness ratings post-LED and HED breakfasts determined LSP (n=26) and HSP (n=26) by tertile splits. Results showed that the LSP lost less weight and had smaller reductions in waist circumference compared to HSP. The LSP showed greater preferences for HED-foods, and under HED-conditions, consumed more snacks (kcal) compared to HSP. Snack EI did not differ under LED-conditions. LSP reported less control over eating and reported more difficulty with program adherence. In conclusion, low satiety responsiveness is detrimental for weight loss. LED meals can improve self-regulation of EI in the LSP, which may be beneficial for longer-term weight control.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0702 Animal Production; 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics; 0908 Food Sciences; Nutrition & Dietetics
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1017/s000711451900179x
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2019 13:30
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2019 09:05
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/24928

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