Effects of exercise on reverse cholesterol transport: A systemized narrative review of animal studies

RAHMATI-AHMADABAD, Saleh, BROOM, David, GHANBARI-NIAKI, Abbass and SHIRVANI, Hossein (2019). Effects of exercise on reverse cholesterol transport: A systemized narrative review of animal studies. Life sciences, 224, 139-148.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2019.03.058

Abstract

Reverse Cholesterol Transport (RCTr) is the mechanism by which excess cholesterol from peripheral tissues is transported to the liver for hepatobiliary excretion, thereby inhibiting foam cell formation and the development of atherosclerosis. Exercise affects RCTr, by influencing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) through remodeling and by promoting hepatobiliary sterol excretion. The objectives of this systematized review of animal studies is to summarize the literature and provide an overview of the effects of chronic exercise (at least two weeks) on apolipoproteins (Apo A-I, Apo-E), Paraoxonase-1 (PON1), ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABCA1, ABCG1, ABCG4, ABCG5, ABCG8), scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr) and cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) and Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1). Three electronic databases (PubMed, Science Direct and Google Scholar) were searched for eligible studies conducted from the earliest available date to August 2018. Most of studies investigate the effects of low to moderate intensity aerobic training on RCTr elements. The majority were on exercised rats undertaking moderate intensity aerobic training. This review highlights that moderate intensity and longer-term training has a greater effect on RCTr elements than low intensity training. There a few studies examining high intensity training which warrants further investigation. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.]

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PubMed via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: eissn 1879-0631 **Article IDs: pubmed: 30922848; pii: S0024-3205(19)30221-8 **History: accepted 23-03-2019; revised 22-03-2019; submitted 30-01-2019
Uncontrolled Keywords: ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABCs), Cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), Low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr), Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1), Paraoxonase-1 (PON1), Reverse cholesterol transport (RCTr)
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2019.03.058
SWORD Depositor: Louise Beirne
Depositing User: Louise Beirne
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2019 09:28
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2019 08:30
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/24435

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