Formation of an ion-free crystalline carbon nitride and its reversible intercalation with ionic species and molecular water

SUTER, Theo M, MILLER, Thomas S, COCKCROFT, Jeremy K, ALIEV, Abil E, WILDING, Martin, SELLA, Andrea, CORÀ, Furio, HOWARD, Christopher A and MCMILLAN, Paul F (2018). Formation of an ion-free crystalline carbon nitride and its reversible intercalation with ionic species and molecular water. Chemical science, 10 (8), 2519-2528.

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Official URL: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/201...
Open Access URL: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlepdf/2019/sc... (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1039/c8sc05232h
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    Abstract

    The development of processes to tune the properties of materials is essential for the progression of next-generation technologies for catalysis, optoelectronics and sustainability including energy harvesting and conversion. Layered carbon nitrides have also been identified as of significant interest within these fields of application. However, most carbon nitride materials studied to date have poor crystallinity and therefore their properties cannot be readily controlled or easily related to their molecular level or nanoscale structures. Here we report a process for forming a range of crystalline layered carbon nitrides with polytriazine imide (PTI) structures that can be interconverted by simple ion exchange processes, permitting the tunability of their optoelectronic and chemical properties. Notable outcomes of our work are (a) the creation of a crystalline, guest-ion-free PTI compound that (b) can be re-intercalated with ions or molecules using "soft chemistry" approaches. This includes the intercalation of HCl, demonstrating a new ambient pressure route to the layered PTI· HCl material that was previously only available by a high-pressure-high-temperature route (c). Our work also shows (d) that the intercalant-free (IF-) PTI material spontaneously absorbs up to 10 weight% H O from the ambient atmosphere and that this process is reversible, leading to potential applications for membranes and water capture in dry environments.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** From PubMed via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: pissn 2041-6520 **Article IDs: pubmed: 30881682; pii: c8sc05232h; pmc: PMC6385848 **History: accepted 20-12-2018; submitted 23-11-2018
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1039/c8sc05232h
    Page Range: 2519-2528
    SWORD Depositor: Louise Beirne
    Depositing User: Louise Beirne
    Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2019 10:30
    Last Modified: 30 May 2019 15:06
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/24359

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