Developing models of the small intestine

DOSH, Rasha (2018). Developing models of the small intestine. Doctoral, Sheffield Hallam University.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.7190/shu-thesis-00131

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterised by inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. The pathogenesis of IBD is not fully understood and curative therapies are lacking. Consequently, development of robust intestine models, representative of the pathogenesis of IBD remains an unmet need. Thus, the overall aims of the studies presented in this thesis were to develop a number of models of small intestine including: genetically engineered murine model, epithelial cell culture models, and an intestinal stem cell organoid model which could reflect or be used to study the pathogenesis of IBD. Interleukin 1 (IL-1) is an important mediator of inflammation and tissue damage in IBD. The balance between IL-1 and IL-1Ra as a natural inhibitor plays a vital role in a variety of diseases. Here, this thesis investigated whether changes seen during IBD could be induced spontaneously by the removal of IL-1Ra in mice that lack a functional IL-1rn gene. Data presented from this thesis highlighted the importance of IL-1 in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. In addition, the potential of L-pNIPAM hydrogel scaffolds, which were developed by the research team at Sheffield Hallam University, was utilised to develop long-term 3D co-cultures of layered Caco-2 and HT29-MTX cells under conditions representative of inflammation by treatment with IL-1β, TNFα, and hypoxia (1% O2) for 1 week was investigated. In vitro cell culture studies in this thesis have demonstrated that L-pNIPAM hydrogel supported long-term 3D co-culture model and stimulation with factors seen during inflammation recapitulated features of IBD. Finally, the potential of L-pNIPAM hydrogel scaffolds to develop 3D intestinal stem cell organoid model was investigated. The in vitro study demonstrated the ability of L-pNIPAM hydrogel as scaffold to support organoid formation and cell differentiation in vitro from small intestinal crypts and Lgr5+ stem cells isolated from mice.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information: Director of studies: Christine Le Maitre "No PQ harvesting"
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Sheffield Hallam Doctoral Theses
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.7190/shu-thesis-00131
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2019 12:09
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2019 01:18
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/24027

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