Effects of self-management program on healthy lifestyle behaviors among elderly with hypertension

SUTIPAN, P., INTARAKAMHANG, U., KITTIPICHAI, W. and MACASKILL, A. (2018). Effects of self-management program on healthy lifestyle behaviors among elderly with hypertension. International Journal of Behavioral Science, 13 (2), 38-50.

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Abstract

© 2018, Behavioral Science Research Institute. This research aimed to evaluate whether a self-management program promoted healthy lifestyle behaviors (HLBs) and improved health outcomes among Thai elderly with hypertension. Participants were randomly allocated to either an intervention group (n=20), that received an 8-week self-management program that included home visits, or a control group (n = 20). The data were analyzed by a chi-square analysis, a mixed-model repeated measure MANOVA, and MANCOVAs. There were significant differences in the mean scores of healthy lifestyle behaviors at posttest and follow-up between the two groups (p < 0.01). Moreover, the experimental participants showed statistically significant decrease in BMI as compared to the control group participants in posttest and follow-up (p < 0.001). There was a statistically significant reduction in blood pressure in the experimental participants, compared with the control participants at follow-up (p < 0.001). Furthermore, healthy lifestyle behaviors increased significantly in the experimental participants compared with the control participants and baseline (p < 0.001). In addition, BMI and blood pressure decreased in the experimental participants compared with the control participants and baseline (p < 0.001). The self-management program resulted in improved healthy lifestyle behaviors, and health outcomes among the elderly with hypertension, and has implications for health promotion.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: elderly; healthy lifestyle behavior; health outcome; hypertension; self-management program
Page Range: 38-50
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2019 15:02
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2019 14:46
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23954

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