Differences in dietary pattern by maternal age in the Born in Bradford cohort : A comparative analysis

MARVIN-DOWLE, Katie, KILNER, Karen, BURLEY, Victoria and SOLTANI, Hora (2018). Differences in dietary pattern by maternal age in the Born in Bradford cohort : A comparative analysis. PLOS ONE, 13 (12), e0208879..

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Official URL: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.13...
Open Access URL: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/23640/1/Marvin-Dowle-Diffe... (Published)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0208879

Abstract

Objective Explore associations between dietary patterns and maternal age Design Population based cohort study Setting Maternity department of a large hospital in northern England Sample Women delivering a singleton at Bradford Royal Infirmary between March 2007 and December 2010 (N = 5,083). Methods Survey data including maternal dietary patterns derived from food frequency questionnaire data using principal component analysis (PCA) were compared by maternal age using one-way ANOVA and chi-squared as appropriate. Main outcome measures Dietary pattern PCA scores, supplement use, familiarity and compliance with 5-a-day fruit and vegetable recommendations, consumption of cola, maternal BMI. Results Three distinct dietary patterns were derived from the data; snack and processed foods, meat and fish and grains and starches. Mean PCA score for snack and processed foods was higher among women aged ≤19 (0.6, CI 0.4 to 0.8) than women aged 20–34 (-0.02, CI -0.1 to 0.01) and those aged 35≥ (-0.3, CI -0.4 to -0.2). Women aged 35≥ had a significantly higher mean PCA score for the grains and starches dietary pattern (0.1, CI 0.03 to 0.3) compared to both the 20–34 years (-0.01, CI -0.05 to 0.02) and the ≤19 (-0.04, CI -0.2 to 0.1) groups. No differences were observed between groups in mean PCA scores for the meat and fish dietary pattern. Adolescent women also had higher intakes of sugar sweetened cola (0.9 cups per day, CI 0.7 to 1.1) and reported lower levels of fruit and vegetable and supplement intake. Women aged 35≥ had a higher mean BMI (28.0, CI 27.5 to 28.4) and higher prevalence of overweight (36.8%) and obesity (29.6%, p<0.001). Conclusions Significant differences were observed between age groups both in terms of diet quality and BMI. Interventions targeted by age group may be advantageous in improving maternal nutrition and contribute to healthy pregnancies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PLOS via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: eissn 1932-6203 **Article IDs: publisher-id: pone-d-17-40965 **History: received 20-11-2017; submitted 20-11-2017; collection 2018; accepted 27-11-2018; epub 13-12-2018
Uncontrolled Keywords: Research Article, Medicine and health sciences, Research and analysis methods, Physical sciences, People and places, Biology and life sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0208879
SWORD Depositor: Margaret Boot
Depositing User: Margaret Boot
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2019 11:58
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2019 16:30
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23640

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