The Motivations and Aspirations of Indian Physiotherapists Who Migrate Overseas to Study and Work: A Grounded Theory Study

GRAFTON, Kate and GORDON, Frances (2018). The Motivations and Aspirations of Indian Physiotherapists Who Migrate Overseas to Study and Work: A Grounded Theory Study. Physiotherapy.

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Objective: To explore why Indian physiotherapists seek to migrate overseas for study and work. Design: Qualitative research using Constructivist Grounded Theory (CGT) methodology. Setting: Individual interviews and focus groups were conducted in the UK and India, at university, clinic or hotel locations convenient to the participants. Participants: Nineteen physiotherapists from across India. Thirteen had studied or worked in the UK, Australia or Kuwait, and six had no overseas experience. Findings: The participants desired a ‘better life’ due to factors perceived as less favourable in India: pay levels, professional respect and professional development. These elements were inter-dependent and their importance varied between participants and according to gender. Indian societal values amplified the importance of pay for male physiotherapists, whereas females prioritised professional development. Migrant physiotherapists aspired to professional autonomy through the development of knowledge, skills and experience. Respect was important, but there were different perspectives on its achievement and the relevance of titles. For those studying overseas, work was sought to recoup the cost of that study, and, importantly to consolidate learning and experience of autonomous physiotherapy practice. They all planned to return to India and wished to transfer their knowledge and skills back into practice in India. Conclusion: Pay, respect and professional development are all motivators for Indian physiotherapists to study and work overseas. An ability to practise physiotherapy autonomously is a key factor underpinning the achievement of each of these elements and thus the ultimate aspiration to have a ‘better life’.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1103 Clinical Sciences; 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science; 1199 Other Medical And Health Sciences; Rehabilitation
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SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2019 11:18
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 06:21

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