CHOPPIN, S B. and KELLEY, John (2010). Generating football Cd profiles without a wind tunnel. Procedia engineering, 2 (2), 2449-2454.Full text not available from this repository.
Wind tunnels have been used extensively to obtain the aerodynamics characteristics of many objects, including sports balls. However, as an expensive piece of equipment, wind tunnels are not always appropriate. This paper describes a method which was used to obtain a football's coefficient of drag (Cd) profile without the use of a wind tunnel. A football was launched at a variety of velocities and its flight recorded with high speed video cameras in 2D. An aerodynamic model was used to generate a series of displacements to compare with the recorded trajectories. In order to simulate aerodynamic drag, a sigmoid function was developed which mimics the shape of a typical aerodynamic profile. A simplex optimisation process was used to generate a number of Cd profiles which result in a minimum error between the modelled and recorded displacements. It was found that the ball had a Cd of around 0.275 in the turbulent regime and 0.525 in the laminar.
|Additional Information:||The engineering of sport 8 - engineering emotion. 8th conference of the international sports engineering association (ISEA)|
|Research Institute, Centre or Group:||Centre for Sports Engineering Research|
|Depositing User:||Carole Harris|
|Date Deposited:||02 Aug 2010 14:59|
|Last Modified:||12 Jan 2016 10:39|
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