Supporting Independent Living for Older Adults: Employing a Visual Based Fall Detection Through Analysing the Motion and Shape of the Human Body

LOTFI, A, ALBAWENDI, S, POWELL, H, APPIAH, Kofi and LANGENSIEPEN, C (2018). Supporting Independent Living for Older Adults: Employing a Visual Based Fall Detection Through Analysing the Motion and Shape of the Human Body. IEEE Access, 6, 70272-70282.

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Official URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8534337
Open Access URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&ar... (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2881237

Abstract

Falls are one of the greatest risks for older adults living alone at home. This paper presents a novel visual-based fall detection approach to support independent living for older adults through analysing the motion and shape of the human body. The proposed approach employs a new set of features to detect a fall. Motion information of a segmented silhouette when extracted can provide a useful cue for classifying different behaviours, while variation in shape and the projection histogram can be used to describe human body postures and subsequent fall events. The proposed approach presented here extracts motion information using best-fit approximated ellipse and bounding box around the human body, produces projection histograms and determines the head position over time, to generate 10 features to identify falls. These features are fed into a multilayer perceptron neural network for fall classification. Experimental results show the reliability of the proposed approach with a high fall detection rate of 99.60% and a low false alarm rate of 2.62% when tested with the UR Fall Detection dataset. Comparisons with state of the art fall detection techniques show the robustness of the proposed approach.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2881237
Page Range: 70272-70282
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2019 13:45
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2019 14:21
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23541

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