The practice of 'doing' evaluation: Lessons learned from nine complex intervention trials in action

REYNOLDS, Joanna, DILIBERTO, D., MANGHAM-JEFFERIES, L., ANSAH, E.K., LAL, S., MBAKILWA, H., BRUXVOORT, K., WEBSTER, J., VESTERGAARD, L.S., YEUNG, S., LESLIE, T., HUTCHINSON, E., REYBURN, H., LALLOO, D.G., SCHELLENBERG, D., CUNDILL, B., STAEDKE, S.G., WISEMAN, V., GOODMAN, C. and CHANDLER, C.I.R. (2014). The practice of 'doing' evaluation: Lessons learned from nine complex intervention trials in action. Implementation Science, 9 (1), p. 75.

[img] PDF
1748-5908-9-75 - Published Version
Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (430kB)
Open Access URL: (Published Version)
Link to published version::


Background: There is increasing recognition among trialists of the challenges in understanding how particular 'real-life' contexts influence the delivery and receipt of complex health interventions. Evaluations of interventions to change health worker and/or patient behaviours in health service settings exemplify these challenges. When interpreting evaluation data, deviation from intended intervention implementation is accounted for through process evaluations of fidelity, reach, and intensity. However, no such systematic approach has been proposed to account for the way evaluation activities may deviate in practice from assumptions made when data are interpreted.Methods: A collective case study was conducted to explore experiences of undertaking evaluation activities in the real-life contexts of nine complex intervention trials seeking to improve appropriate diagnosis and treatment of malaria in varied health service settings. Multiple sources of data were used, including in-depth interviews with investigators, participant-observation of studies, and rounds of discussion and reflection.Results and discussion: From our experiences of the realities of conducting these evaluations, we identified six key 'lessons learned' about ways to become aware of and manage aspects of the fabric of trials involving the interface of researchers, fieldworkers, participants and data collection tools that may affect the intended production of data and interpretation of findings. These lessons included: foster a shared understanding across the study team of how individual practices contribute to the study goals; promote and facilitate within-team communications for ongoing reflection on the progress of the evaluation; establish processes for ongoing collaboration and dialogue between sub-study teams; the importance of a field research coordinator bridging everyday project management with scientific oversight; collect and review reflective field notes on the progress of the evaluation to aid interpretation of outcomes; and these approaches should help the identification of and reflection on possible overlaps between the evaluation and intervention.Conclusion: The lessons we have drawn point to the principle of reflexivity that, we argue, needs to become part of standard practice in the conduct of evaluations of complex interventions to promote more meaningful interpretations of the effects of an intervention and to better inform future implementation and decision-making. © 2014 Reynolds et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Communication; Cooperative Behavior; Data Collection; Health Behavior; Health Personnel; Health Services Research; Humans; Inservice Training; Interprofessional Relations; Malaria; Poverty; Program Evaluation; Research Design; Research Personnel; Humans; Malaria; Data Collection; Program Evaluation; Communication; Health Behavior; Cooperative Behavior; Interprofessional Relations; Research Design; Poverty; Inservice Training; Health Personnel; Research Personnel; Health Services Research; 11 Medical And Health Sciences; 08 Information And Computing Sciences; Health Policy & Services
Identification Number:
Page Range: p. 75
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2019 12:18
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 06:51

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics