"A Novel Feature-Based Approach for Indoor Monocular SLAM"

KABIRI, Peyman and HOSEINI, Seyyed Ali Hoseini (2018). "A Novel Feature-Based Approach for Indoor Monocular SLAM". Electronics, 7 (11), p. 305.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics7110305

Abstract

Camera tracking and the construction of a robust and accurate map in unknown environments are still challenging tasks in computer vision and robotic applications. Visual Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) along with Augmented Reality (AR) are two important applications, and their performance is entirely dependent on the accuracy of the camera tracking routine. This paper presents a novel feature-based approach for the monocular SLAM problem using a hand-held camera in room-sized workspaces with a maximum scene depth of 4–5 m. In the core of the proposed method, there is a Particle Filter (PF) responsible for the estimation of extrinsic parameters of the camera. In addition, contrary to key-frame based methods, the proposed system tracks the camera frame by frame and constructs a robust and accurate map incrementally. Moreover, the proposed algorithm initially constructs a metric sparse map. To this end, a chessboard pattern with a known cell size has been placed in front of the camera for a few frames. This enables the algorithm to accurately compute the pose of the camera and therefore, the depth of the primary detected natural feature points are easily calculated. Afterwards, camera pose estimation for each new incoming frame is carried out in a framework that is merely working with a set of visible natural landmarks. Moreover, to recover the depth of the newly detected landmarks, a delayed approach based on linear triangulation is used. The proposed method is applied to a realworld VGA quality video (640 × 480 pixels) where the translation error of the camera pose is less than 2 cm on average and the orientation error is less than 3 degrees, which indicates the effectiveness and accuracy of the developed algorithm.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics7110305
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2019 17:59
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2019 18:00
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23245

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