Acute and chronic effects of exercise on appetite, energy intake and appetite-related hormones: the modulating effect of adiposity, sex and habitual physical activity

DORLING, James, BROOM, David, BURNS, Stephen, CLAYTON, David, DEIGHTON, Kevin, JAMES, Lewis, KING, James, MIYASHITA, Masashi, THACKRAY, Alice, BATTERHAM, Rachel and STENSEL, David (2018). Acute and chronic effects of exercise on appetite, energy intake and appetite-related hormones: the modulating effect of adiposity, sex and habitual physical activity. Nutrients, 10 (9), p. 1140.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/10/9/1140
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091140

Abstract

Exercise facilitates weight control, partly through effects on appetite regulation. Single bouts of exercise induce a short-term energy deficit without stimulating compensatory effects on appetite, whilst limited evidence suggests that exercise training may modify subjective and homeostatic mediators of appetite in directions associated with enhanced meal-induced satiety. However, large variability in responses exists between individuals. This article reviews the evidence relating to how adiposity, sex and habitual physical activity modulate exercise-induced appetite, energy intake and appetite-related hormone responses. The balance of evidence suggests that adiposity and sex do not modify appetite or energy intake responses to acute or chronic exercise interventions, but individuals with higher habitual physical activity levels may better adjust energy intake in response to energy balance perturbations. The effect of these individual characteristics and behaviours on appetite-related hormone responses to exercise remains equivocal. These findings support the continued promotion of exercise as a strategy for inducing short-term energy deficits irrespective of adiposity and sex, as well as the ability of exercise to positively influence energy balance over the longer term. Future well-controlled studies are required to further ascertain potential mediators of appetite responses to exercise.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sport and Exercise Science
Departments: Health and Well-being > Department of Sport
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091140
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2018 14:22
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2018 12:23
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/22807

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