Compression garments and fabric orthoses for rehabilitation and function: a systematic mapping review.

SNOWDON, Nicola, SIER, Daniel, POTIA, Tanzila, WHEAT, Jonathan and MCLEAN, Sionnadh (2018). Compression garments and fabric orthoses for rehabilitation and function: a systematic mapping review. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 25 (12).

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Abstract

Background/aims: Compression garments, joint supports and dynamic movement orthoses all use elastic fibres and close-fitting designs and have been researched for their effects on movement. There is little cross-referencing between research into these interventions. This review aimed to improve inter-disciplinary understanding by analysing key characteristics of the published evidence. Methods: Systematic mapping reviews identify gaps in an evidence base and identify questions for more in-depth reviews. This review was conducted in-line with current guidance. MEDLINE, CINAHL and Sports Discuss were searched for primary research investigating compression garments and orthoses for movement and function. The following search terms were used: "elastane", "spandex", "Lycra", "elastomer*", "Theratog*", "compression", "Neoprene", "orthotic", "orthosis", "shorts", "garment*", "splint", "brace", "sock*" and "stockings". Studies were screened against predetermined criteria and key study characteristics extracted. Findings: Three hundred and fifty-one studies were selected and analysed. Compression garment research was most common (236 studies), followed by research into joint supports (64 studies) and dynamic movement orthoses (42 studies). Research largely reflects the purpose for which each intervention was originally designed. Common topics investigated include posture and movement control, proprioception and muscle activity. Pressure beneath compression garments was measured in 30% of studies. Conclusions: The review highlights a need for more robust study designs in patient populations and accurate description of interventions. There is a need for a review on the possible effects of compression and support on movement control which should be used to inform future primary research.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Departments: Health and Well-being > Department of Allied Health Professions
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.12968/ijtr.2018.25.12.655
Depositing User: Nicky Snowdon
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2018 10:19
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2019 10:30
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/22366

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