Supportive interventions to improve physiological and psychological health outcomes among patients undergoing cystectomy: A systematic review

QUIRK, Helen, ROSARIO, Derek and BOURKE, Liam (2018). Supportive interventions to improve physiological and psychological health outcomes among patients undergoing cystectomy: A systematic review. BMC Urology, 18, p. 71.

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Official URL: https://bmcurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0382-z

Abstract

Background Our understanding of effective perioperative supportive interventions for patients undergoing cystectomy procedures and how these may affect short and long-term health outcomes is limited. Methods Randomised controlled trials involving any non-surgical, perioperative interventions designed to support or improve the patient experience for patients undergoing cystectomy procedures were reviewed. Comparison groups included those exposed to usual clinical care or standard procedure. Studies were excluded if they involved surgical procedure only, involved bowel preparation only or involved an alternative therapy such as aromatherapy. Any short and long-term outcomes reflecting the patient experience or related urological health outcomes were considered. Results 19 articles (representing 15 individual studies) were included for review. Heterogeneity in interventions and outcomes across studies meant meta-analyses were not possible. Participants were all patients with bladder cancer and interventions were delivered over different stages of the perioperative period. The overall quality of evidence and reporting was low and outcomes were predominantly measured in the short-term. However, the findings show potential for exercise therapy, pharmaceuticals, ERAS protocols, psychological/educational programmes, chewing gum and nutrition to benefit a broad range of physiological and psychological health outcomes. Conclusions Supportive interventions to date have taken many different forms with a range of potentially meaningful physiological and psychological health outcomes for cystectomy patients. Questions remain as to what magnitude of short-term health improvements would lead to clinically relevant changes in the overall patient experience of surgery and long-term recovery.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sport and Exercise Science
Departments - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Health and Well-being > Department of Sport
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0382-z
Depositing User: Helen Quirk
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2018 15:06
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2018 13:07
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/22280

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