The impact of technology on sporting performance in Olympic sports

HAAKE, Steve (2009). The impact of technology on sporting performance in Olympic sports. Journal of sports sciences, 27 (13), 1421-1431.

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    To assess the effect of technology on sport, the performance statistics for four disciplines were analysed: the 100-m sprint, pole vault, javelin, and cycling. The concept of a performance improvement index was developed to allow comparison between athletes and between sports with a higher index indicating a greater improvement in the sport. The following performance improvement indices were found: 100-m sprint, 24% over 108 years; pole vault, 86% over 94 years; javelin, 95% over 76 years; 4-km individual pursuit, 35% over 32 years; one-hour cycling record, 221% over 111 years. Around 4% of the index for the sprint was attributed to tighter, aerodynamic clothing, suggesting that general athletic improvement in sprint-type events has been around 20%. Technological developments in simple equipment such as the pole vault or javelin were seen to affect the index by around 30%, while the index associated with aerodynamic improvements in the one-hour record was around 100%. It is concluded that the performance improvement index could be extended to amateur as well as elite sport where distance or time is used as a measure of performance. Keywords: Sports engineering; performance improvement index; track and field; cycling view references (18) Bookmark with: CiteULike BibSonomy Connotea More bookmarks

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: UoA26
    Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
    Identification Number:
    Page Range: 1421-1431
    Depositing User: Carole Harris
    Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2010 13:56
    Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 11:15

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