Experimental validation of dynamic stability analysis applied to dart flight

JAMES, David and POTTS, Jonathan (2018). Experimental validation of dynamic stability analysis applied to dart flight. Sports Engineering, 21, 347-358.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12283...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12283-018-0279-9

Abstract

The game of darts attracts a large international following and can be fiercely competitive. Despite its popularity, and the large equipment market, no previous peer-reviewed studies have examined the trajectory of a dart in flight. This study used high-speed video techniques to measure the trajectories of 225 dart throws from 19 amateur players. The dart’s pitch and angle of attack were found to oscillate during flight in a manner that is analogous to damped harmonic motion. It was also found that the dart’s oscillation frequency was strongly correlated to launch speed, whilst its characteristic wavelength and damping ratio were independent of launch speed. The measured wavelength of oscillation (2.16 m) was found to be similar to the regulation throwing distance (2.37 m). It is proposed that the dart is ‘tuned’ to the throwing distance such that it undergoes one full oscillation before striking the board. The dart flight was modelled using a classical dynamic stability analysis and good agreement was found between the experimental observations and the theoretical predictions. The success of the model confirms that the approach can be used to explore the dynamics of different dart designs through parametric sensitivity analyses.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12283-018-0279-9
Depositing User: Jill Hazard
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2018 14:56
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2018 13:15
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/21754

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