Early discharge in acute mental health: a rapid literature review

CLIBBENS, Nicola, HARROP, Deborah and BLACKETT, Sally (2018). Early discharge in acute mental health: a rapid literature review. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 27 (5), 1305-1325.

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Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/in...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12515

Abstract

Long psychiatric hospital stays are unpopular with services users, harmful and costly. Economic pressures alongside a drive for recovery orientated care in the least restrictive contexts, have led to increasing pressure to discharge people from hospital early. Hospital discharge is however complex, stressful and risky for service users and families. This rapid literature review aimed to assess what is known about early discharge in acute mental health. Searches were conducted in nine bibliographic databases, reference lists and targeted grey literature sources. Fourteen included papers focused on early discharge in mental health, a population over 18 years with a mental health condition and reported outcomes on therapeutic care or service delivery. Quality appraisal was undertaken using The Mixed Method Appraisal Tool. The meta-summary of the literature found that early discharge was neither provided to all inpatients nor limited to the Crisis Resolution and Home Treatment (CRHT) service model internationally. Early discharge interventions required collaborative working and discharge planning. It was not associated with unplanned readmissions and had a small effect on length of stay. Most studies reported service outcomes whereas health outcomes were underreported. Professionals and service users were positive about early discharge and service users asked for peer support. Carers preferred hospital or day hospital care suggesting their need for respite. Limitations in the scope, detail and quality of the evidence about early discharge leaves an unclear picture of the components of early discharge as an intervention, its effectiveness, cost effectiveness or outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: adult mental health, literature review, patient discharge, psychiatric nursing
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Health and Social Care Research
Departments - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Health and Well-being > Department of Nursing and Midwifery
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12515
Depositing User: Deborah Harrop
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2018 14:12
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2019 01:18
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/21651

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