The development of a reliable theory-based psychological instrument to measure cognitions relating to participation in university recreational sport

ST QUINTON, Tom and BRUNTON, Julie (2018). The development of a reliable theory-based psychological instrument to measure cognitions relating to participation in university recreational sport. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 13 (3), 611-620.

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Official URL: https://www.jhse.ua.es/article/view/2018-v13-n3-me...

Abstract

Background: It is important that theoretically informed questionnaires developed using guidelines outlined within the Theory of Planned Behaviour demonstrate reliability. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the reliability of direct and indirect items examining perceptions towards recreational sports participation by university students. Method: A convenience sample of 28 participants undertaking various degree programmes was used (age M = 18.89, SD = 0.62, female n = 18, male n = 10). Participants completed a theory-based questionnaire at time 1 and two weeks later at time 2. Internal consistency between direct items and correlations between indirect items was conducted. Results: Results showed all constructs measured through direct items had Cronbach’s alphas over 0.8 and all indirect items measuring beliefs were significantly correlated (p < 0.01). Conclusion: The findings demonstrate the reliability of a questionnaire to be used for a future study aimed at identifying specific belief-based intervention targets. The result of such work provides the foundations for interventions promoting participation in recreational university student sport, an expanding yet under-researched population of study. Key words: THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOUR, QUESTIONNAIRE RELIABILITY, SPORTS PARTICIPATION, COGNITIONS.

Item Type: Article
Departments - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Health and Well-being > Department of Sport
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2018.133.11
Depositing User: Beatrice Turpin
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2018 08:24
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2018 12:48
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/20948

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