A methodology for developing resilient distributed control systems.

TAHOLAKIAN, Aram M. (1997). A methodology for developing resilient distributed control systems. Doctoral, Sheffield Hallam University (United Kingdom)..

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Abstract

Manufacturing industries rely on automated manufacturing systems to improve the efficiency, quality and flexibility of production. Such systems typically consist of a variety of manufacturing machinery and control hardware, e.g. CNC machine tools, robots, PCs, Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) etc., which operate concurrently. The cost of developing and implementing an automated manufacturing system is high, and is particularly so if the control system is found to be unreliable or unsafe during operation. Distributed Control Systems are generally used to control complex concurrent systems,At present the methods used to develop DCSs tend to follow a sequence of steps, viz. a statement of the requirements of the DCS, a functional specification of the DCS, the design of the DCS, generation of the software code for the DCS, implementation of the software. This step approach is inadequate because of the dissimilarity of techniques used to represent each step, which leads to difficulties in ensuring equivalence between the final implementation of the DCS and the initial requirements, which in turn leads to errors in the final software. To overcome this, work has been conducted to unify the specification, design, and software coding phases of the DCS development procedure by ensuring formal equivalencies between them. One particular outcome of such previous work is a tool named Petri Net - Occam Methodology, developed by Dr. P. Gray, which produces dependable Occam code for DCSs. Gray's methodology produces readable designs, directly from the specification of systems, in a graphical but formal way, and results in a Petri Net graph which is equivalent to the final Occam code. However, his methodology is not for a complete DCS but only for one containing Transputers.The PLC is widely used in industry and an integral part of DCSs for Automated Manufacture. This research has developed a methodology, named PNPLC, which produces dependable PLC control programs, in a graphical but formal way, directly from a system's specification. It uses the same tool, Petri Nets, for both designing and simulating the control system, and specifies rules which ensure the correct design, simulation and encoding of PLC programs. The PN designs are a one-to-one equivalent to PLC code and can be directly translated into Ladder Diagrams. Therefore if the simulation shows the design to be correct, the final software will be correct.PNPLC works as a stand alone tool for developing dependable PLC control programs, and also unifies with Gray's methodology to produce a complete tool for developing a resilient DCS containing Transputers and PLCs. The unification of the two methodologies is also reported in this thesis.The research work presented in this thesis contributes to knowledge in the field of DCS development. Recommendations for further work regarding the applicability of the unified methodology on a wide scale industrial basis are also given.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information: Thesis (Ph.D.)--Sheffield Hallam University (United Kingdom), 1997.
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Sheffield Hallam Doctoral Theses
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2018 17:22
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2018 07:51
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/20418

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