An image reconstruction algorithm for a dual modality tomographic system.

NORDIN, Md. Jan. (1995). An image reconstruction algorithm for a dual modality tomographic system. Doctoral, Sheffield Hallam University (United Kingdom)..

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This thesis describes an investigation into the use of dual modality tomography to measure component concentrations within a cross-section. The benefits and limitations of using dual modality compared with single modality are investigated and discussed. A number of methods are available to provide imaging systems for process tomography applications and seven imaging techniques are reviewed. Two modalities of tomography were chosen for investigation (i.e. Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) and optical tomography) and the proposed dual modality system is presented. Image reconstruction algorithms for EIT (based on modified Newton-Raphson method), optical tomography (based on back-projection method) and with both modalities combined together to produce a single tomographic imaging system are described, enabling comparisons to be made between the individual and combined modalities.To analyse the performance of the image reconstruction algorithms used in the EIT, optical tomography and dual modality investigations, a sequence of reconstructions using a series of phantoms is performed on a simulated vessel. Results from two distinct cases are presented, a) simulation of a vertical pipe in which the cross-section is filled with liquid or liquid and objects being imaged and b) simulation of a horizontal pipe where the conveying liquid level may vary from pipe full down to 14% of liquid. A computer simulation of an EIT imaging system based on a 16 electrode sensor array is used. The quantitative images obtained from simulated reconstruction are compared in term of percentage area with the actual cross-section of the model. It is shown from the results that useful reconstructions may be obtained with widely differing levels of liquid, despite the limitations in accuracy of the reconstructions. The test results obtained using the phantoms with optical tomography, based on two projections each of sixteen views, show that the images produced agree closely on a quantitative basis with the physical models. The accuracy of the optical reconstructions, neglecting the effects of aliasing due to only two projections, is much higher than for the EIT reconstructions. Neglecting aliasing, the measured accuracies range from 0.1% to 0.8% for the pipe filled with water. For the sewer condition, i.e. the pipe not filled with water, the major phase is measured with an accuracy of 1% to 3.4%. For the single optical modality the minor components are measured with accuracies 6.6% to 19%. The test results obtained using the phantoms show that the images produced by combining both EIT and optical tomography method agree quantitatively with the physical models. The EIT eliminates most of the aliasing and the results now show that the optical part of the system provides accuracies for the minor components in the range 1% to 5%. It is concluded that the dual modality system shows a measurable increase in accuracy compared with the single modality systems. The dual modality system should be investigated further using laboratory flow rigs in order to check accuracies and determine practical limitations. Finally, suggestions for future work on improving the accuracy, speed and resolution of the dual modality imaging system is presented.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information: Thesis (Ph.D.)--Sheffield Hallam University (United Kingdom), 1995.
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Sheffield Hallam Doctoral Theses
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2018 17:21
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2021 12:17

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