Formation of CdS nanoclusters within LB films of calixarene derivatives and study of their size-quantization

NABOK, A. V., RAY, A. K., HASSAN, A. K., TITCHMARSH, J. M., DAVIS, F., RICHARDSON, T., STAROVOITOV, A. and BAYLISS, S. (1999). Formation of CdS nanoclusters within LB films of calixarene derivatives and study of their size-quantization. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 8-9, 171-177.

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Link to published version:: 10.1016/S0928-4931(99)00012-0

Abstract

Cadmium sulphide nanoclusters formed in Langmuir-Blodgett films of various calixarene derivatives were studied by means of UV-visible spectroscopy, AFM, TEM and electron diffraction. It has been shown that calixarene cavitands of different size yield a similar kind of CdS nanoclusters as characterised by the first exciton transition near 3.2 eV. In contrast to that, CdS clusters formed within LB films of stearic acid or formaldehyde/2,6-dihydroxybenzoic acid copolymer have much lower exciton energy of 2.7 eV, corresponding to greater CdS clusters. The value of 2 nm and 4 nm in diameter were obtained, respectively, for CdS clusters in calixarene and stearic acid LB films by using Ramakhrishna's results of diner calculations of the band structure. AFM and TEM results confirm the difference in size of those CdS clusters. Electron diffraction data show that CdS nanoclusters have zinc blende structure rather than wurtzite, and the lattice parameters of 0.583 +/- 0.009 nm and 0.567 +/- 0.012 nm were obtained for the clusters formed within stearic acid and calixarene matrices, respectively. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Thin Films Research Centre > Electronic Materials and Sensors Research Group
Identification Number: 10.1016/S0928-4931(99)00012-0
Depositing User: Helen Garner
Date Deposited: 19 May 2010 16:36
Last Modified: 19 May 2010 16:36
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1992

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