Advanced applications of numerical modelling techniques for clay extruder design.

KANDASAMY, Saravanakumar. (2013). Advanced applications of numerical modelling techniques for clay extruder design. Doctoral, Sheffield Hallam University (United Kingdom)..

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Abstract

Ceramic materials play a vital role in our day to day life. Recent advances in research, manufacture and processing techniques and production methodologies have broadened the scope of ceramic products such as bricks, pipes and tiles, especially in the construction industry. These are mainly manufactured using an extrusion process in auger extruders. During their long history of application in the ceramic industry, most of the design developments of extruder systems have resulted from expensive laboratory-based experimental work and field-based trial and error runs. In spite of these design developments, the auger extruders continue to be energy intensive devices with high operating costs. Limited understanding of the physical process involved in the process and the cost and time requirements of lab-based experiments were found to be the major obstacles in the further development of auger extruders.An attempt has been made herein to use Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Finite Element Analysis (FEA) based numerical modelling techniques to reduce the costs and time associated with research into design improvement by experimental trials. These two techniques, although used widely in other engineering applications, have rarely been applied for auger extruder development. This had been due to a number of reasons including technical limitations of CFD tools previously available. Modern CFD and FEA software packages have much enhanced capabilities and allow the modelling of the flow of complex fluids such as clay.This research work presents a methodology in using Herschel-Bulkley's fluid flow based CFD model to simulate and assess the flow of clay-water mixture through the extruder and the die of a vacuum de-airing type clay extrusion unit used in ceramic extrusion. The extruder design and the operating parameters were varied to study their influence on the power consumption and the extrusion pressure. The model results were then validated using results from experimental trials on a scaled extruder which seemed to be in reasonable agreement with the former. The modelling methodology was then extended to full-scale industrial extruders. The technical and commercialsuitability of using light weight materials to manufacture extruder components was also investigated. The stress and deformation induced on the components, due to extrusion pressure, was analysed using FEA and suitable alternative materials were identified. A cost comparison was then made for different extruder materials. The results show potential of significant technical and commercial benefits to the ceramic industry.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information: Thesis (M.Phil.)--Sheffield Hallam University (United Kingdom), 2013.
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Sheffield Hallam Doctoral Theses
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2018 17:20
Last Modified: 16 May 2018 08:17
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/19894

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