Defects in Friction Stir Welding of Steel

AL-MOUSSAWI, M and SMITH, Alan (2018). Defects in Friction Stir Welding of Steel. Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis, 7, 194-202.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13632-0...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13632-018-0438-1
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    Abstract

    Defects associated with friction stir welding of two steel grades including DH36 and EH46 were investigated. Different welding parameters including tool rotational and tool traverse (linear) speeds were applied to understand their effect on weld seam defects including microcracks and voids formation. SEM images and infinite focus microscopy were employed to identify the defects types. Two new defects associated with the friction stir welding process are introduced in this work. The first defect identified in this work is a microcrack found between the plunge and the steady state region and attributed to the traverse moving of the tool with unsuitable speed from the plunge-dwell to the steady state stage. The tool traverse speed has recommended to travel 20 mm more with accelerated velocity range of 0.1 from the maximum traverse speed until reaching the steady state. The maximum recommended traverse speed in the steady state was also suggested to be less than 400 mm/min in order to avoid the lack in material flow. The second type of defect observed in this work was microcracks inside the stirred zone caused by elemental precipitations of TiN. The precipitates of TiN were attributed to the high tool rotational speed which caused the peak temperature to exceed 1200 °C at the top of the stirred zone and based on previous work. The limit of tool rotational speed was recommended to be maintained in the range of 200-500 RPM based on the mechanical experiments on the FSW samples.

    Item Type: Article
    Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Structural Materials and Integrity Research Centre > Centre for Corrosion Technology
    Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Structural Materials and Integrity Research Centre > Centre for Infrastructure Management
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13632-018-0438-1
    Page Range: 194-202
    Depositing User: Hilary Ridgway
    Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2018 08:45
    Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 14:03
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/19110

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