CATRINESCU, C., FERNANDES, C., CASTILHO, P. and BREEN, C. (2006). Influence of exchange cations on the catalytic conversion of limonene over Serra de Dentro (SD) and SAz-1 clays - Correlations between acidity and catalytic activity/selectivity. Applied Catalysis A General, 311, 172-184.Full text not available from this repository.
A bentonite collected at Serra de Dentro (SD), Porto Santo Island, Portugal, and the source clay SAz-I (Cheto, Arizona) were ion-exchanged with different cations (Al3+, Ni2+, Cr3+ and Na+). Variable temperature diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (VT-DRIFTS) of pyridine treated samples, thermal desorption of cyclohexylamine and real time mass spectrometry of the evolved gases were used to evaluate the acidic properties of the prepared catalysts. The catalytic activity of these ion-exchanged clays was tested in the acid-catalysed conversion of limonene at 150 degrees C, to yield isomerization products (terpinolene, alpha-terpinene, gamma-terpinene and isoterpinolene), disproportionation products (p-cymene and p-menthenes) and high molecular-weight compounds. The possibility of increasing the selectivity toward p-cymene, over a catalyst with substantial Lewis acid character, was particularly envisaged. Catalysts derived from SD were significantly more active than their SAz-I counterparts. This was mainly attributed to the greater inherent acidity, to the higher structural iron content (providing dehydrogenation activity) and to the higher nitrogen surface area of the starting SD clays. Within the Mn+-SD series, the order of activity decreased as Ni2+ > Al3+ > Cr3+ > Na+. A direct comparison between Al3+-SD (with maximized Bronsted acidity) and Ni2+-SD (with predominant Lewis acid character) provided no support for enhanced p-cymene production over Lewis acid sites. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Research Institute, Centre or Group:||Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Polymers Nanocomposites and Modelling Research Centre > Polymers, Composites and Spectroscopy Group|
|Depositing User:||Jill Hazard|
|Date Deposited:||13 May 2010 08:40|
|Last Modified:||28 Sep 2010 16:12|
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