Acid-activated organoclays: Preparation, characterization and catalytic activity of acid-treated tetraalkylammonium-exchanged smectites

BREEN, C., WATSON, R. C., MADEJOVA, J., KOMADEL, P. and KLAPYTA, Z. (1997). Acid-activated organoclays: Preparation, characterization and catalytic activity of acid-treated tetraalkylammonium-exchanged smectites. Langmuir, 13 (24), 6473-6479.

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Link to published version:: 10.1021/la970507w

Abstract

The catalytic activity of acid-treated clays for reactions involving polar substrates is optimized when the acidity of the surface and the swelling ability of the catalyst are at a maximum. In contrast the activity for reactions using nonpolar substrates is best when the surface area is maximized and the catalyst presents an essentially hydrophobic surface which serves to attract the nonpolar reagents. We have investigated the catalytic ability of acid-activated organoclays (AAOCs) which should provide reasonable levels of acidity, hydrophobicity, and swelling ability for use with nonpolar reagents. A range of organoclays containing tetramethylammonium, dodecyltrimethylammonium, or octadecyltrimethylammonium cations at the 25, 50, or 100% exchange level were prepared and subjected to selected acid-leaching procedures at either 20 or 95 degrees C. The activity of these AAOCs for the conversion of a-pinene to camphene was investigated. The conditions used for acid leaching seldom removed extensive amounts of organocation, and the yields (40% conversion to camphene) compared favorably with those reported for pillared clays. Acid-leached tetramethylammonium clays were the most active with yields four times higher than those for the corresponding parent clay. Acid-leached dodecyltrimethylammonium and octadecyltrimethylammonium clays were only active when the organocations occupied 25% of the exchange sites.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Polymers Nanocomposites and Modelling Research Centre > Polymers, Composites and Spectroscopy Group
Identification Number: 10.1021/la970507w
Depositing User: Jill Hazard
Date Deposited: 13 May 2010 09:43
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2010 17:12
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1857

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