Preparation, thermal stability and decomposition routes of clay/Triton-X100 composites

BREEN, C., THOMPSON, G. and WEBB, M. (1999). Preparation, thermal stability and decomposition routes of clay/Triton-X100 composites. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 9 (12), 3159-3165.

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Link to published version:: 10.1039/a907860f

Abstract

The adsorption isotherms for the octylphenol ethoxylate, TX100, onto a range of bentonites and a saponite have been determined and the resulting thermal stability of composites has been studied. In general TX100 exhibited a high affinity for the different clay surfaces although the maximum amount adsorbed varied with both clay type, layer charge density and resident exchange cation. XRD and variable temperature XRD showed that TX100 was adsorbed into the interlamellar region, and that the thermal stability of the clay/TX100 composite was dependent upon the exchangeable cation present. For monovalent cation exchanged clays (M+-clay/TX100) the TX100 decomposed between 220 and 300 degrees C, and the d(001) spacing decreased from 15.2 to 9.6 Angstrom. In contrast, divalent cation exchanged clays imparted a greater thermal stability to the complex (M2+-clay/TX100) owing to coordination of adsorbed TX100 to the exchange cation, wherein weakly coordinated TX100 was stable to 270 degrees C and strongly coordinated TX100 was held to temperatures in excess of 300 degrees C. FTIR analysis of the gases evolved evolved during thermogravimetry confirmed that the octylphenol unit was desorbed from M2+-clay at temperatures below 400 degrees C and that portions of the ethoxylate chain were held to 500 degrees C.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Polymers Nanocomposites and Modelling Research Centre > Polymers, Composites and Spectroscopy Group
Identification Number: 10.1039/a907860f
Depositing User: Jill Hazard
Date Deposited: 14 May 2010 13:36
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2010 17:12
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1854

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