Preparation and characterization of dealuminated metakaolin and its use in the transformation of waste plastics to aromatic hydrocarbons

BREEN, C., TAYLOR, S., BURGUIN, E. and CENTENO, M. (2002). Preparation and characterization of dealuminated metakaolin and its use in the transformation of waste plastics to aromatic hydrocarbons. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 247 (1), 246-250.

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Link to published version:: 10.1006/jcis.2001.8092

Abstract

Acid activated metakaolins (AAMKs) have been prepared by calcination of the natural clay at 600degreesC to provide a metakolin which was then leached at 80degreesC for 3 h using 1M, 2M, 3M, and 6M HCl. These materials were characterized and their ability to transform the off gases from HDPE decomposition into useful aromatic species was evaluated. The amount of adsorbed water and the number of acid sites increased with the severity of acid treatment, Variable temperature DRIFTS spectroscopy of pyridine treated samples revealed that both Brphinsted and Lewis acid centers were present until 425degreesC. Pyridine bonded to the Lewis acid centers was more thermally stable. The AAMKs were all selective to the production of toluene with respectable, but lesser, amounts of xylenes and trimethylbenzenes. This selectivity contrasts with that of acid leached and pillared smectites which are selective toward trimethylbenzene. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Polymers Nanocomposites and Modelling Research Centre > Polymers, Composites and Spectroscopy Group
Identification Number: 10.1006/jcis.2001.8092
Depositing User: Jill Hazard
Date Deposited: 13 May 2010 09:55
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2010 17:12
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1853

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